Dangerous Heat Injuries
Heat is one of the leading weather-related killers in the United States, resulting in hundreds of fatalities each year and even more heat- related illnesses.
Heat stroke occurs when the body is unable to regulate its temperature. The body's temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails and the body is unable to cool down. Body temperature may rise to 106°F or higher within 10 to 15 minutes. Heat stroke can cause death or permanently disability if emergency treatment is not provided.
Recognizing Heat Stroke:
- An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F, orally).
- Red, hot and dry skin ( no sweating).
- Rapid, strong pulse.
- Throbbing headache.
- Take victim to the hospital.
- Move the victim to a cooler environment.
- Bathe or sponge with cool water.
- Do not give fluids.
Heat Exhaustion Symptoms:
- Heavy Sweating.
- Cold and/or pale clammy skin.
- Thready pulse.
- Get the victim out of the sun immediately.
- Lay the victim down and loosen clothing.
- Apply cool wet cloths.
- Give sips of water unless nausea occurs.
Here are some tips to keep you safe:
- If possible, stay out of the sun.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Avoid drinks that contain alcohol, caffeine or large amounts of sugar.
- Limit your outdoor activity to morning and evening hours.
- Stay indoors.
- Wear lightweight, loose-fitting clothes.
- DO NOT leave a child or pet in a parked car.