disease ranks as the nation’s top costly medical condition with a cost of just over $100 billion per year. More than 1 in 3 adults
currently lives with one or more types of cardiovascular disease. Hospitalization, surgery, diagnostic
tests, monitoring, specialist doctor visits and medicines all contribute to the
cost. As the elderly population grows, so will more costs. To reduce your risk
of heart disease, you may need to adjust your lifestyle by maintaining a normal
weight, eating a healthy diet, not smoking, and getting regular exercise.
Preventing and controlling high blood
pressure and high cholesterol
also play a significant role in heart health.
Injuries & Trauma
year, trauma accounts for 37 million emergency department visits and 2.6
million hospital admissions so it's no surprise this comes in as our second
largest annual cost at $92 billion. Injuries from motor vehicle crashes, falls,
assault, burns, and other
accidents occur every day across the country. Men have a higher incidence than
women and the elderly consume a larger share of medical resources. More than
two‐thirds of all costs are attributable to traffic accidents
and falls. Keep safe by wearing a seat belt, staying off your mobile phone and
making sure your driver is sober.
Cancer costs $87 billion and based on the growth
and aging U.S. population are predicted to increase. The U.S. has the seventh
highest cancer rate in the world, about 300 of every 100,000 Americans will
develop cancer each year. New tools for cancer diagnosis, treatment and follow
up continue to be more expensive. Highest costs are associated with breast, colorectal, lung, prostate cancers and lymphoma. It’s not all bad news though
- the cancer death rate has significantly decreased over the last decade.
Factors driving this drop include less tobacco use, sun protection, eating
well, regular exercise, earlier detection and better treatments.
U.S. medical cost for mental health care is roughly $83 billion. Around one in
four adults, or approximately 61.5 million Americans, experiences mental
illness in a given year. One in 17, or about 13.6 million, live with a serious
mental illness such as schizophrenia,
major depression or bipolar disorder. Medicines are
expensive and doctors’ visits frequent. Noncompliance can be high in this group
of patients, too, adding to the total healthcare dollar.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Asthma
breathing problems including asthma,
bronchitis and emphysema make up this group with
costs of care totaling almost $76 billion per year. Just over 6% of American
adults are living with some form of COPD.
Smoking tobacco is the main cause but air pollutants and genetics can also
cause COPD. There is no cure for this group and costs incurred are from
medications, frequent doctor visits, and in severe cases, hospitalization. For
current smokers, smoking cessation is essential for preventing and managing
COPD. To control asthma attacks, avoid your triggers, like tobacco smoke, dust
mites, and pollution. Take medications as instructed and exercise regularly.
Osteoarthritis & Joint Problems
estimated that 1 in 2 people will get some form of osteoarthritis (OA) in their lifetime.Estimated annual cost of $74
billion. OA is caused from the gradual wear and tear of the cartilage between
the bone causing pain, stiffness and inflammation. This chronic condition is
more common as we age and the main reason why patients require a knee or hip
replacement. Medications, physical therapy, and hospitalization for surgery all
contribute to the cost. Maintaining a healthy body weight and non-weight
bearing exercise like swimming or cycling may help to keep the joints mobile
Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes
just over 8% of Americans with medical expenses
totaling around $60 billion per year. In all forms of diabetes there is too
much sugar in the blood which can lead to serious health complications
including heart and kidney disease, eye problems and nerve damage. Hospital
care, anti-diabetic medications and supplies, prescription medicines to treat
complications and regular doctor visits all contribute to the burden of cost.
Healthy lifestyle choices such as eating a well-balanced diet, exercising
regularly and managing your weight may lower your chance of getting diabetes.
High Blood Pressure
With 1 in
every 3 American adults diagnosed with high
blood pressure it’s no wonder the cost for treating patients with this
condition totals around $47 billion yearly. Blood pressure is the force of
blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. It can
greatly increase your risk of certain health problems like heart disease and
stroke if it remains high for long periods of time. High blood pressure often goes undetected because it usually has
no warning signs or symptoms so it is important to get your blood pressure checked
Pain & Back Problems
costs for this group comes in at around $41 billion annually. This is probably
because almost everyone experiences some form of back pain during their
lifetime. Back pain usually
originates in the spine and the muscles that support it. You could get back
pain or a back injury through being out of shape and under stress, or if you
have poor posture or strain your back in exercise or activity. To prevent back
problems it’s important to keep your back strong and flexible. Exercise
regularly, watch posture, lose weight if needed and use caution when lifting
Childbirth with an estimated cost of around $39
billion per year. Normal vaginal deliveries account for about 7 in 10
deliveries and cesarean sections account for 3 in 10. Cesarean sections are more expensive because they are a major
operation that involves anesthesia and longer hospital stays. Frequent doctor
visits to monitor mother and baby, hospitalizations and medicines all
contribute to the burden of cost.
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